Carbon capture and utilisation may be part of a circular economy scheme where carbon atoms are recycled and reused indefinitely over a long time scale. However, it is neither an indispensable element, nor is it sufficient to contribute significantly to mitigating the effects of climate change.
CCU technologies aim to extract carbon dioxide from either concentrated sources or directly from ambient air, and then use it as a raw material for carbon-containing products, such as fuels, chemical products, and building materials. The Evidence Review Report explores whether CCU technologies have the potential to contribute significantly to mitigating the effects of climate change and identifies a need for innovation in policy domains, and from systemic and technology perspectives.
What the report says
- Measures, regulations and incentives should be used to examine the energy system (including CCU) in a holistic, integrated, coordinated and transparent manner.
- A systemic approach is required when evaluating the energy system and CCU systems, and further development is needed in stakeholder awareness and consistency of definitions.
- Key technological challenges must be tackled in the areas of collection and purification of CO2 from different sources, synthesis of green-hydrogen and technologies for carbon dioxide conversion to fuels and chemicals.
Debate and impact
Academic impactMedia coverageEvents
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- Centi, G., Perathoner, S. (2019): Chemistry and energy beyond fossil fuels: A perspective view on the role of syngas from waste sources. Catalysis Today.
- Child, M., Kemfert, C., Bogdanov., Breyer, C. (2019): Flexible electricity generation, grid exchange and storage for the transition to a 100% renewable energy system in Europe. Renewable Energy, 139.
- Fasihi, M., Efimova, O., Breyer, C. (2019): Techno-economic assessment of CO2 direct air capture plants. Journal of Cleaner Production, 224.
- Ghasemzadeh, K., Basile, A., Iulianelli, A. (2019): Progress in modeling of silica-based membranes and membrane reactors for hydrogen production and purification. ChemEngineering 3:1.
- Hanak, D., Michalski, S., Manovic, Vasilije (2018): From post-combustion carbon capture to sorption-enhanced hydrogen production: A state-of-the-art review of carbonate looping process feasibility. Energy Conversion and Management, 177:428-452.
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- Lehtonen, A. (2019): Kriittinen näkökulma hiilidioksidin raaka-ainekäyttöön metanolin valmistuksessa. Unpublished thesis.
- Mikulčić, H., Skov, I. R., Dominković, D. R., Wan Alwi, S.R., Abdul Manan, Z., Tan, R., Duić, N., Nur Hidayah Mohamad, S., Wang, X. (2019): Flexible Carbon Capture and Utilization technologies in future energy systems and the utilization pathways of captured CO2. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 114.
- Nabavi, S. A., Erans, M., Manovic, V. (2019): Demonstration of a kW-scale solid oxide fuel cell-calciner for power generation and production of calcined materials. Applied Energy, 255.
- Partenie, O., de Kler, R. (2018): CO2 transport and offshore storage facilities needed to meet emission reduction requirements. Research project report.
- Sharma, R., Bansal, A., Ramachandran, C. N., Mohanty, P. (2019): A multifunctional triazine-based nanoporous polymer as a versatile organocatalyst for CO2 utilization and C–C bond formation. Chemical Communications 55.
- Sutter, D., van der Spek, M., Mazzotti, M. (2019): Evaluation of CO2-based and CO2-free synthetic fuel systems using a net-zero-CO2-emission framework. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 58:43.
- Tcvetkov, P., Cherepovitsyn, A., Fedoseev, S. (2019): The changing role of CO2 in the transition to a circular economy: Review of carbon sequestration projects. Sustainability, 11:20.