SAPEA is part of the European Commission’s Scientific Advice Mechanism. Together with the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors, we provide independent scientific advice to European Commissioners to support their decision-making.

This page lists the Evidence Review Reports and other forms of advice we have given to Commissioners since the creation of the Scientific Advice Mechanism in 2016.

Completed advice

Making sense of science for policy under conditions of complexity and uncertainty
Making sense of science
Summer 2019 How can we provide good science advice to European Commission policymakers, based on available evidence, under conditions of scientific complexity and uncertainty? Read more…
A scientific perspective on microplastics in nature and society
January 2019 The best available evidence suggests that microplastics and nanoplastics do not pose a widespread risk to humans or the environment, except in small pockets. But that evidence is limited, and the situation could change if pollution continues at the current rate. Read more…
Novel carbon capture and utilisation technologies
Carbon capture and utilisation
May 2018 CCU technologies extract CO2 from concentrated sources or directly from the air, and use it as a raw material. Key technological challenges must be tackled in collecting and purifying CO2 from different sources, in synthesising green-hydrogen, and in converting CO2 to fuels and chemicals. Read more…
New techniques in agricultural biotechnology
Agricultural biotechnology
November 2017 SAPEA experts and the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors provided a detailed description of the full spectrum of agricultural breeding techniques used in plants, animals and microorganisms, comparing new techniques with conventional breeding and genetic modification. Read more…
Transforming the future of ageing
Transforming the future of ageing
June 2019 What policies at the EU level could support the Member States in achieving inclusive, fair and sustainable systems of health and social care and promote the taking-up of innovation for ageing societies? Read more…
Food from the oceans
Food from the oceans
November 2017 According to the evidence, the only way to obtain significantly more food and biomass sustainably from the ocean is to harvest seafood from a lower trophic level (lower in the food chain) than we currently harvest. Read more…
Authorisation for plant protection products in Europe
Plant protection
June 2018 This report examines the methods and procedures for assessing potential harmful effects on human health from the use of plant protection products, and the ways in which the current authorisation processes could be improved from a scientific perspective. Read more…
Cybersecurity in the European digital single market
March 2017 The report of the Scientific Advice Mechanism on cybersecurity in the European digital single market has been clearly recognised as one of the main reference points for the future of EU policymaking on cybersecurity. Read more…

Forthcoming advice

Towards an EU sustainable food system
Sustainable food systems
Spring 2020 What are workable paths to deliver an inclusive, just and timely transition to an EU sustainable food system, where possible delivering co-benefits for health, the environment, and socio-economic aspects? Read more…

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