This page lists the Evidence Review Reports and other forms of advice we have given to Commissioners since the creation of the Scientific Advice Mechanism in 2016.

Recent advice

Adaptation to climate change-related health effects
Climate change and health
June 2020 Which adaptation measures could strengthen the resilience of the health sector in Europe in view of climate change? SAPEA contributed to an expert workshop in the development of this Scientific Opinion. Read more...
Making sense of science for policy
Making sense of science
July 2019 Now more than ever, policymakers need good quality science advice to inform their decisions -- and the very policy issues for which scientific input is most needed are the ones where the science itself is often complex and uncertain. Read more...
Microplastics in nature and society
January 2019 The best available evidence suggests that microplastics and nanoplastics do not pose a widespread risk to humans or the environment, except in small pockets. But that evidence is limited, and the situation could change if pollution continues at the current rate. Read more...
Novel carbon capture and utilisation technologies
Carbon capture and utilisation
May 2018 CCU technologies extract CO2 and use it as a raw material. Key technological challenges must be tackled in collecting and purifying CO2 from different sources, in synthesising green-hydrogen, and in converting CO2 to fuels and chemicals. Read more...
New techniques in agricultural biotechnology
Agricultural biotechnology
April 2017 SAPEA experts and the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors provided a detailed description of the full spectrum of agricultural breeding techniques used in plants, animals and microorganisms, comparing new techniques with conventional breeding and genetic modification. Read more...
A sustainable food system for the EU
Sustainable food systems
April 2020 The key steps towards sustainability are not only to reduce food waste and to change our consumption patterns, but also to recontextualise how we think about food in the first place. Read more...
Transforming the future of ageing
Transforming the future of ageing
June 2019 Europe must tackle the challenges presented by ageing in every generation. We must adjust to an ageing and shrinking workforce, and find financially viable ways to deliver high-quality health and social care for all. Read more...
Authorisation for plant protection products in Europe
Plant protection
June 2018 This report examines the methods and procedures for assessing potential harmful effects on human health from the use of plant protection products, and the ways in which the current authorisation processes could be improved from a scientific perspective. Read more...
Food from the oceans
Food from the oceans
November 2017 According to the evidence, the only way to obtain significantly more food and biomass sustainably from the ocean is to harvest seafood from a lower trophic level (lower in the food chain) than we currently harvest. Read more...
Cybersecurity in the European digital single market
March 2017 The report of the Scientific Advice Mechanism on cybersecurity in the European digital single market has been clearly recognised as one of the main reference points for the future of EU policymaking on cybersecurity. Read more...

Forthcoming advice

A systemic approach to the energy transition in Europe
Climate change and health
Spring 2021 How can Europe achieve a transition to a sustainable energy system with net zero carbon emissions? Read more...
Biodegradability of plastics in the open environment
Climate change and health
End of 2020 What are the environmental benefits of plastics that degrade in the earth, rivers and seas, compared with other plastics? Read more...
Crisis resilience
Crisis resilience
2021 SAPEA will work on the topic of crisis resilience in 2021. Read more...

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