This page lists the Evidence Review Reports and other forms of advice we have given to Commissioners since the creation of the Scientific Advice Mechanism in 2016.

Recent advice

A systemic approach to the energy transition in Europe
Energy transition
June 2021 There are many possible pathways towards a carbon-neutral future. Achieving it by 2050 is possible, but this requires urgent action. Read more...
COVID-19, future pandemics and other crises
COVID-19, future pandemics and other crises
November 2020 SAPEA nominated experts for scientific advice published jointly by the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors, the European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies and Peter Piot, special advisor to Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. Read more...
A sustainable food system for the EU
Sustainable food systems
April 2020 The key steps towards sustainability are not only to reduce food waste and to change our consumption patterns, but also to recontextualise how we think about food in the first place. Read more...
Transforming the future of ageing
Transforming the future of ageing
June 2019 Europe must tackle the challenges presented by ageing in every generation. We must adjust to an ageing and shrinking workforce, and find financially viable ways to deliver high-quality health and social care for all. Read more...
Authorisation for plant protection products in Europe
Plant protection
June 2018 This report examines the methods and procedures for assessing potential harmful effects on human health from the use of plant protection products, and the ways in which the current authorisation processes could be improved from a scientific perspective. Read more...
Food from the oceans
Food from the oceans
November 2017 According to the evidence, the only way to obtain significantly more food and biomass sustainably from the ocean is to harvest seafood from a lower trophic level (lower in the food chain) than we currently harvest. Read more...
Biodegradability of plastics in the open environment
Biodegradability of plastics
December 2020 What are the environmental benefits of plastics that degrade in the earth, rivers and seas, compared with other plastics? Read more...
Adaptation to climate change-related health effects
Climate change and health
June 2020 Which adaptation measures could strengthen the resilience of the health sector in Europe in view of climate change? SAPEA contributed to an expert workshop in the development of this Scientific Opinion. Read more...
Making sense of science for policy
Making sense of science
July 2019 Now more than ever, policymakers need good quality science advice to inform their decisions -- and the very policy issues for which scientific input is most needed are the ones where the science itself is often complex and uncertain. Read more...
Microplastics in nature and society
January 2019 The best available evidence suggests that microplastics and nanoplastics do not pose a widespread risk to humans or the environment, except in small pockets. But that evidence is limited, and the situation could change if pollution continues at the current rate. Read more...
Novel carbon capture and utilisation technologies
Carbon capture and utilisation
May 2018 CCU technologies extract CO2 and use it as a raw material. Key technological challenges must be tackled in collecting and purifying CO2 from different sources, in synthesising green-hydrogen, and in converting CO2 to fuels and chemicals. Read more...
Cybersecurity in the European digital single market
March 2017 The report of the Scientific Advice Mechanism on cybersecurity in the European digital single market has been clearly recognised as one of the main reference points for the future of EU policymaking on cybersecurity. Read more...

Forthcoming advice

Cancer screening
Climate change and health
Spring 2022 How can cancer screening programmes be improved throughout the EU? Read more...
Strategic crisis management
Crisis management
Summer 2022 SAPEA will provide evidence to the Group of Chief Scientific Advisors on strategic crisis management in the EU. Read more...

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